What are Varicose Veins?
*Varicose veins are veins that become abnormally swollen and large, usually due to defective valves in the vein.
What causes varicose veins?
*What causes varicose veins, is the increase in the diameter of the vein, resulting in the malfunction of the valves inside of the vein that are designed to prevent blood from flowing backward in the vein. Genetics, pregnancies, obesity, occupations that require a standing position or prolonged sitting are some causes of varicose veins. Women are at a higher risk of varicose veins and about 25% of men are at risk.
What can you do about varicose veins?
*Varicose veins can be successfully treated but the disorder cannot be permanently cured. Treatment of the abnormal veins does not remove the original tendency of a patient to develop varicose veins. It is common for some patients to return for maintenance treatments after their initial treatments is completed.
How does the blood in your veins get back to your heart after abnormal veins have been closed off or removed?
*The removal of abnormal veins will actually improve circulation of blood in your treated area. Treating the abnormal veins will also improve symptoms of tiredness, achy, heaviness, itchy and swelling. The blood will reroute itself to healthy competent veins.
Why do doctors recommend gradient compression stockings?
*Gradient compression delivers a squeezing to the to the leg that is tightest at the ankle. The degree of squeezing or compression gradually decreases up the leg. Compression provides two main benefits. Compression is believed to increase the pressure in the tissues beneath the skin thus reducing excess leakage of fluid from the capillaries and increasing absorption of tissue fluid by the capillaries and lymphatic vessels. Therefore compression reduces and helps prevent swelling.
Compression also helps control the size of superficial veins beneath the stocking. The stocking does not allow these superficial veins to over expand with blood. This action helps prevent “pooling”. The venous blood then flows more quickly up the leg towards the heart.
What is a skin ulcer?
*A skin ulcer is caused by a venous reflux disorder that is called a venous stasis ulcer. Early signs that a venous stasis ulcer may develop include a darkening of the skin in the area of the ankle. Gradually, the skin may become leathery or waxy in appearance. Without treatment of the venous disease, the skin may breakdown and bleeding may occur.